There are different linting tools around these days, and I found comparing JS linting tools last week. Based on this article, I started with ESLint. In this article I’ll describe the installation process, and the configuration.
Installing ESLint is easily done by using npm. Unfortunately, I didn’t have that one installed yet. So I started figuring out what npm was before installing it. Just reading a little on the npm website convinced me this probably is a very handy tool to have. But then I found out you need to install node! Bear with me, we are soon underway.
Installing node on my Mac was rather straight forward with the pkg download package I found on the official node download page. Although npm comes bundled with node you have to update the npm version, since it is updated a bit more often compared to node. Updating npm is achieved from the command line using the command:
sudo npm install npm -g
Since you use the sudo command you need to type your password. Now we are on our way, but we still need to install eslint itself. This is also done with the npm install command:
npm install -g eslint
However, this command should also be executed as root hence I quickly typed:
sudo npm install -g eslint
and after a few moments it was installed.
Well, the program did not disappoint me at all: it spitted out a fantastic number of errors: 150!
Then I found out that the configuration of these linting tools is very personal. Some people just write strings in double quotes, others in single quotes. Luckily all rules can be turned on or off and a number of rules have various modes in which they operate differently.
Configuration of ESLint is possible in different ways. You can add some special formatted comments in the JS file itself or write a configuration file. This is possible in different formats such as JSON and YAML. I chose to write a .eslintrc file to configure ESLint.
Below you find my configuration file. The rules are explained in depth on the ESLint website. The env parameter is to tell ESLint whether you are using this JS file in a browser or within a node environment. Since I am using it in the frontend, I specified
I also needed to define a global variable (jQuery) since within my JS file, jQuery should not be declared.
Running ESLint from the command line
Running ESLint is very easy. Simply pass your js file to the program running on the command line:
With some adjustments to the code and the configuration above I was able to remove all 150 errors! Happy linting.